News Updates

  • MRI may spot arthritis unseen by X-ray

    Source: Daily Rx

    Osteoarthritis happens when joints and joint tissues wear down over time.
    Usually, doctors use X-ray imaging to see this joint damage. But another
    imaging technique may give doctors a better picture.

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) spotted many signs of knee osteoarthritis
    in patients that had no signs of knee osteoarthritis in X-ray images.

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  • Cartilage made from stem cells

    Source: Medical Breakthroughs

    Using pluripotent stem cells, a team of Duke Medicine researchers has
    engineered cartilage. The findings suggest that induced pluripotent stem
    cells (iPSCs) may be a viable source of patient-specific articular
    cartilage tissue.

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  • Tissue repair evolves: Cartilage transplants now for the shoulder

    Source: Science Centric

    Rush University Medical Centre is the only hospital in Illinois – and one
    of only a few nationwide – using cartilage transplants to repair damaged
    shoulder joints.

    Conservative treatment for cartilage defects in the shoulder, as for any
    joint, includes physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and
    steroid injections. If these treatments are ineffective, arthroscopy, which
    involves removing scar tissue and loose pieces of cartilage through a small
    incision, has traditionally been the alternative of choice. But arthroscopy
    often provides only temporary relief, since the underlying damage to the
    cartilage is not corrected.

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  • Reverse surgical solution for a painful shoulder

    Source: Science Centric

    A standard shoulder replacement, a decades old treatment for severe
    shoulder arthritis, would likely not have worked for her due to her
    deficient rotator cuff. However, a recently developed – and radically
    different – prosthesis, called a reverse total shoulder, offered the best
    chance of decreasing her pain and improving shoulder function.

    ‘A normal shoulder is a ball-and-saucer joint, with its stability and
    motion governed to a large extent by the surrounding rotator cuff
    musculature,’ said Dr Omer Ilhai, an orthopedic surgeon at The Methodist
    Hospital in Houston. ‘In arthritis, the smooth cartilage overlying and
    cushioning the surface of the bones is worn away, leaving rough, exposed
    bone surfaces to rub against each other. This bone-on-bone contact is very
    painful and usually associated with joint stiffness.’

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  • Recurring Shoulder Instability Injuries Likely Among Young Athletes Playing Contact Sports

    Source: Science Daily

    Summer is a peak season for many sports and with that comes sport-related
    injuries. Among those injuries is shoulder joint dislocation. According to
    a literature review in the August 2012 issue of the Journal of the
    American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, most incidents of shoulder joint
    instability are the result of traumatic contact injuries like force or
    falling on an outstretched arm; a direct blow to the shoulder area;
    forceful throwing, lifting or hitting; or contact with another player.

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