Source: Science Centric
A standard shoulder replacement, a decades old treatment for severe
shoulder arthritis, would likely not have worked for her due to her
deficient rotator cuff. However, a recently developed â€“ and radically
different â€“ prosthesis, called a reverse total shoulder, offered the best
chance of decreasing her pain and improving shoulder function.
â€˜A normal shoulder is a ball-and-saucer joint, with its stability and
motion governed to a large extent by the surrounding rotator cuff
musculature,â€™ said Dr Omer Ilhai, an orthopedic surgeon at The Methodist
Hospital in Houston. â€˜In arthritis, the smooth cartilage overlying and
cushioning the surface of the bones is worn away, leaving rough, exposed
bone surfaces to rub against each other. This bone-on-bone contact is very
painful and usually associated with joint stiffness.â€™
Source: Science Daily
Summer is a peak season for many sports and with that comes sport-related
injuries. Among those injuries is shoulder joint dislocation. According to
a literature review in the August 2012 issue of the Journal of the
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, most incidents of shoulder joint
instability are the result of traumatic contact injuries like force or
falling on an outstretched arm; a direct blow to the shoulder area;
forceful throwing, lifting or hitting; or contact with another player.
Surgically repairing a painful shoulder injury in baseball players known as a SLAP tear (superior labral) varies widely and often doesn’t allow for return to play at the same level as before the injury. However, researchers presenting their findings at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland suggest that nonsurgical treatment may be more beneficial.Â
A new Hospital for Special Surgery study suggests that the current rehabilitation used for patients undergoing tendon-bone repairs such as rotator cuff repair may be partially to blame for the high rates of failed healing after surgery. Experiments in a rat model of this injury suggest that immobilizing the limb for four to six weeks after surgery, rather than quickly startingÂ physical therapy, improves healing.Â
Source – Healio.com
Arthroscopic implantation of a polyurethane scaffold to treat partial meniscal lesions showed good results over other meniscal treatment methods at the 2-year follow-up, according to research presented at the European Society of Sports Traumatology Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy Congress 2012, here.
“This new scaffold is very interesting with preliminary results comparable to the CMI (Menaflex Collagen Meniscus Implant; Regen Biologics), but with an easier surgical management,” Muccioli said in his presentation.